What is the Age of Consent in California?
When it comes to sex crimes, not knowing the age of consent won’t serve as a strong defense. Make sure you know California laws for inappropriate sexual contact with a minor.
The Age Of Consent
Age of consent refers to the age that an individual must be in order to legally consent to sexual activity. The lowest age of consent in some states is 16 years old. However, California is one of 11 states where the age of consent is 18 years old.
It is illegal for individuals who are over 18 years old to engage in sexual behavior with anyone under the age of consent. However, California does have a ‘Romeo and Juliet’ exemption. This means that someone over 18 and a minor can have consensual sex if they are 3 years apart in age or less. For example, a 19 year old and 17 year old can engage in consensual sex, and the 19 year old would likely not face statutory rape charges.
For most other circumstances, though, engaging in sexual intercourse with someone who is under the age of consent can lead to serious criminal consequences.
Statutory rape is the most common charge given for having sex with a minor. Even if the intercourse was not violent and forceful in nature, the age difference and the participant being a minor can result in rape charges.
Statutory rape is a wobbler offense in California. This means that depending on the circumstances of the offense, it may be a misdemeanor or a felony charge.
Typically, statutory rape becomes a felony when the defendant is over 21 and the victim is under 16 years old.
A felony statutory rape charge can result in:
- Up to four years incarcerated
- Up to $25,000 in fines
- Five years of probation
Not only are these criminal penalties serious, but the effects of a statutory rape conviction can affect numerous other aspects of your life - even after you have served your time.
Social Consequences of a Sex Crime Conviction
A statutory rape conviction on your record can haunt you.
Additional difficulties you may face as a result of your conviction include:
- Being a registered sex offender
- Loss of your job
- Inability to work in certain career fields
- Damage to your social relationships
- Restitution payments in addition to fines
Rancho Cucamonga Sex Crime Defense
It is crucial that you are aware of California laws for underage sex crimes. If you find yourself facing charges for statutory rape, it is crucial that you contact a legal defense team immediately. Fighting a sex crime charge can be an uphill battle, but our team at Newman & Allen has the experience needed to defend you. Contact us today to set up a consultation with our Rancho Cucamonga criminal defense attorneys.